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Bihar Caste Based Survey Report PDF Download

The release of the Bihar caste census report by the state government marks a significant milestone in understanding the demographic composition and social dynamics of Bihar. The detailed population figures of various castes and communities provide valuable insights into the state’s societal structure and distribution of different social groups. The comprehensive data presented in the report highlights the representation of diverse communities within Bihar, shedding light on the population distribution across different caste categories. The statistics reveal that the Extremely Backward Class constitutes 36.01 percent of the population, emphasizing the significant presence of this community within the state. Additionally, the Backward Class population accounts for 27.12 percent, underscoring the diverse social landscape of Bihar.


The Scheduled Caste population, representing 19.65 percent of the total population, reflects the historical and social significance of this community within the state. Similarly, the Scheduled Tribe population, comprising 1.68 percent, showcases the unique cultural heritage and identity of tribal communities in Bihar. The unreserved or upper caste population, at 15.52 percent, adds another layer of diversity to the state’s demographic tapestry. With a total of 13,07,25,310 individuals participating in the caste census survey, the extensive data collection process signifies the government’s commitment to understanding the economic conditions and social realities of different castes within Bihar. By delving into the nuances of caste demographics, the government aims to facilitate effective policymaking, ensure equitable provision of reservations, and enhance the implementation of welfare schemes tailored to the specific needs of different communities.


The release of the Bihar Caste Based Survey report on Gandhi Jayanti, accompanied by a press conference led by Additional Chief Secretary Vivek Singh, signifies a transparent and accountable approach to sharing crucial demographic data with the public. The government’s emphasis on the importance of caste-based census in informing policy decisions and welfare initiatives underscores a proactive stance towards addressing social inequalities and promoting inclusive development. Despite the controversies and legal challenges surrounding the caste-based census, including appeals reaching the Supreme Court following disputes in the High Court, the government’s steadfast commitment to conducting a thorough and comprehensive survey underscores its dedication to promoting social justice, inclusivity, and equitable opportunities for all segments of society. The robust data provided by the caste census report serves as a foundation for evidence-based policymaking, ensuring that governance initiatives are tailored to address the diverse needs and aspirations of Bihar’s multifaceted population.