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Bihar Jati Janganana (Bihar Caste Census 2024) PDF Download

The release of the caste-based census report in Bihar marked a significant milestone in the state’s demographic record. Chief Secretary Vivek Kumar Singh announced that the total population of Bihar surpasses 13 crores, reflecting the diverse and vibrant composition of the state. The decision to conduct a caste-based enumeration was met with unanimous approval in the Legislature, underscoring the importance and relevance of capturing comprehensive data on caste demographics within the state. The unanimous support for the proposal within the Legislature highlighted a collaborative effort among the nine political parties represented in the Bihar Assembly. The collective agreement paved the way for the state government to undertake the caste-based census using its own resources, showcasing a commitment to thorough and inclusive data collection. The formal approval for the caste-based enumeration was granted by the Council of Ministers on 02-06-2022, setting the groundwork for the comprehensive analysis of caste demographics in Bihar.


The caste census report in Bihar revealed a detailed breakdown of the population across various caste groups, shedding light on the distribution and representation within the state. According to the report, the percentage distribution of certain prominent caste groups is as follows: Brahmins account for 3.65% of the population, Rajputs at 3.45%, Kayasthas at 0.6011%, Kurmis at 2.8785%, Kushwahas at 4.2120%, Teli at 2.8131%, and Bhumihars at 2.8693%. This detailed breakdown offers valuable insights into the social fabric and demographic composition of Bihar, highlighting the diversity and richness of its caste demographics. Further analysis of the caste census data reveals the intricate distribution of various caste groups within Bihar. Notable percentages include Kurmis at 2.87%, Kushwahas at 4.27%, Dhanuks at 2.13%, Bhumihars at 2.89%, Goldsmiths at 0.68%, Potters at 1.04%, Musahars at 3.08%, Carpenters at 1.45%, Kayasthas at 0.60%, Yadavs at 14.26%, and Barbers at 1.59%. This detailed breakdown underscores the diverse and multifaceted nature of caste demographics in Bihar, reflecting the intricate social tapestry that characterizes the state’s population.


Jati Janganana Bihar 2023

  • The caste survey data from Bihar offers a comprehensive glimpse into the intricate social fabric of the state, showcasing the distribution and representation of various caste groups. The report highlights that the backward class constitutes 27.13% of the population, with the extremely backward class comprising 36.01% and the other backward class making up 15.52% of the demographic landscape in Bihar. This detailed breakdown underscores the diverse and multifaceted nature of caste demographics within the state, reflecting the intricate social tapestry that characterizes Bihar’s population.
  • The total population of Bihar stands at 13,07,25,310, encompassing a rich diversity of communities and groups. Among these, the backward class accounts for 3,54,63,936 individuals, while the extremely backward class is represented by 4,70,80,514 people. Additionally, the scheduled caste community comprises 2,56,89,820 individuals, while the scheduled tribe population stands at 21,99,361. The unreserved category includes 2,02,91,679 individuals, contributing to the vibrant and inclusive social landscape of Bihar.
  • The data released by the Bihar government sheds light on the religious composition of the state, revealing a tapestry of diverse faiths and beliefs. Hindus constitute the majority, representing 82% of the population, while Muslims account for 17.7% of the demographic makeup. Furthermore, Christians make up 0.05% of the population, with Buddhists comprising 0.08% of Bihar’s residents. Interestingly, a small percentage of the population, 0.0016%, identifies with no religion, reflecting the diverse religious tapestry that enriches the cultural mosaic of Bihar.
  • The intricate interplay of caste and religious demographics in Bihar underscores the state’s rich heritage and cultural diversity. The caste survey data provides valuable insights into the social structure and composition of Bihar, offering a nuanced understanding of the intricate relationships that shape the state’s demographic landscape. The detailed breakdown of caste and religious groups underscores the pluralistic ethos that defines Bihar, highlighting the coexistence of various communities and faith traditions within its social fabric.